When did Napoleon and Josephine get married

When did Napoleon and Josephine get married

When did Napoleon and Josephine get married – Napoleon Bonaparte and Joséphine de Beauharnais are often romanticized for their love story, but behind the scenes, their relationship was far from perfect. While Napoleon’s passionate letters to Joséphine overflowed with love, their marriage was marked by frequent infidelity, leading to its eventual demise.

When did Napoleon and Josephine get married

Josephine Early Life and Marriage

Joséphine, born as Marie-Josèphe-Rose Tascher de La Pagerie, grew up on a plantation in Martinique. Married at a young age to Alexandre de Beauharnais, a French noble with a penchant for affairs, their union faced court-ordered separation due to Alexandre’s infidelity. Despite his political success, Alexandre fell victim to the Reign of Terror during the French Revolution, meeting his end at the guillotine in 1794. Joséphine, narrowly escaping a similar fate, found herself widowed, imprisoned, and financially strained.

Released from prison, 32-year-old Joséphine faced a daunting reality. With limited access to family funds, she secured loans to establish herself in post-revolutionary French society. Her efforts bore fruit when she became the lover of Paul Barras, a key figure in the Directoire, the nation’s leadership coalition. However, Barras soon grew weary of her, paving the way for an unexpected meeting that would change her life.

Enter Napoleon: The Unlikely Suitor

In 1795, at a society ball hosted by Barras, Joséphine encountered Napoleon Bonaparte, an ambitious young soldier. Unbeknownst to Barras, this meeting would set in motion events that would reshape the course of history. Despite Joséphine’s initial reluctance, Napoleon, with his charm and playful demeanor, won over her children and the two married in March 1796. This decision, scandalous in the eyes of Napoleon’s family, marked the beginning of a tumultuous relationship.

Napoleon Passionate Letters

Napoleon’s letters to Joséphine, brimming with intense declarations of love, reveal his deep affection. Despite having to leave his bride shortly after the wedding to lead a military campaign, he maintained a constant stream of letters expressing his longing. However, the same ardor was not reciprocated. Joséphine’s responses were fewer and notably cooler in tone, sparking concerns in Napoleon.

When did Napoleon and Josephine get married

Joséphine Alleged Affairs

While Napoleon was away leading his army, rumors of Joséphine’s involvement with Hippolyte Charles, a young and dashing officer, began to circulate. When Napoleon visited her in Milan in 1796, he discovered her apartment empty, triggering suspicions. The emotional turmoil that followed was evident in his letters, expressing a mix of anger, detachment, and a desire for reconciliation.

The Unraveling Marriage

As Napoleon confronted Joséphine about her alleged infidelity, their relationship took a darker turn. His letters reveal a tumultuous emotional state, ranging from declarations of hatred to expressions of intense desire. The strain on their marriage became apparent, and the once-idealized love affair started to crumble.

Also, Read


Napoleon and Joséphine’s love story, often portrayed as an epitome of passion, was marred by complexities. Beyond the romanticized letters and grand gestures, their marriage faced challenges that ultimately led to divorce. Despite its turbulent end, the legacy of Napoleon and Joséphine’s relationship endures as a fascinating chapter in history, reminding us that even the most celebrated love stories can harbor hidden struggles and imperfections.

How long were Napoleon and Josephine married?

Napoleon and Josephine were married for only five years. Despite exchanging numerous passionate letters during this time, Napoleon ultimately ended their marriage. It’s believed that the pressure to secure an heir took precedence over their love for each other.

Why did Napoleon marry his second wife?

Napoleon’s second marriage to Marie-Louise was driven by his desire to have a legitimate heir and to form alliances with major European royal families. While political considerations played a significant role, the couple also developed a close personal relationship.

Did Napoleon love Désirée?

Yes, Napoleon did have feelings for a woman named Désirée. Her sister was married to Napoleon’s brother, Joseph. Désirée later married General Bernadotte and became the Queen of Sweden when her husband was chosen as the successor to the Swedish throne. Napoleon’s connection with Désirée adds a unique and personal dimension to his complex romantic history.

Leave a Comment